A study published in the scientific journal Nature Energy suggests that a quarter of India will be completely reliant on renewables by 2060, with almost one-third relying on coal-fired power stations.
Researchers from the Institute of Earth Sciences and Technology at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore and the Indian National Institute of Technology in Bangalore looked at how much electricity is available to each household.
They looked at the use of thermal power generation (tep) in India, and coal-based power generation in terms of the thermal power sector, or thermal thermal power.
They also looked at renewable energy use (RES) from wind, solar, biomass and hydropower, and hydroelectricity.
In total, they found that between 10 and 13 per cent of India is currently reliant on coal, with the vast majority of that coal being generated from large thermal power plants.
The researchers looked at four different coal power stations across India, based on their thermal power capacity and power consumption.
They found that thermal power provided around one-fifth of India ‘s thermal energy needs, while wind provided about half of India energy needs.
Wind energy provides around a third of India needs and is responsible for around 10 per cent, while biomass and hydro provided about a quarter and 10 per per cent respectively.
Solar energy provided around 10 to 12 per cent.
India is a rapidly expanding energy market, with its population growing from about 1.2 billion people in 1960 to about 2.3 billion people today.
The country has more than half the world’s population and more than 100 million people live within its borders.
However, India has also seen the power of renewables.
In 2017, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that the country would aim to become a net exporter of electricity by 2030, with about 40 per cent by 2030.
As a result, the Indian government has been pushing for more renewable energy.
Last month, the government also announced that it was planning to triple the amount of solar panels that can be installed in India by 2022.
The government also plans to ramp up renewable energy deployment in some of the country’s most densely populated areas, including the north-eastern parts of the state of Madhya Pradesh and the western parts of Punjab and Haryana.
The study also showed that in 2025, India will have more than 1.5 billion homes, with only about half being powered by coal.
“India will need to rely on renewables for about three quarters of its energy needs by 2030,” the researchers said in their paper.
According to the study, the majority of the renewable energy in India is coming from solar and wind, with thermal power providing around one third of the total.
This is likely to become increasingly important over time.
The research found that India currently has an electricity generation capacity of around 1,000 gigawatt-hours (GW), with coal generating around 800 GW.